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Forewarning of Livestock Diseases March-2020

JHARKHAND KARNATAKA KERALA ODISHA TAMIL NADU are predicted for likely occurrence of Anthrax in March-2020

BIHAR GOA JHARKHAND DAMAN AND DIU PUDUCHERRY are predicted for likely occurrence of Babesiosis in March-2020

ASSAM JHARKHAND MANIPUR MEGHALAYA ODISHA TAMIL NADU TRIPURA WEST BENGAL are predicted for likely occurrence of Black quarter in March-2020

ANDHRA PRADESH HARYANA JHARKHAND KARNATAKA MANIPUR are predicted for likely occurrence of Enterotoxaemia in March-2020

ASSAM JHARKHAND KERALA MANIPUR RAJASTHAN TRIPURA UTTAR PRADESH ANDAMAN & NICOBAR ISLANDS PUDUCHERRY are predicted for likely occurrence of Fascioliasis in March-2020 Black quarter in March-2020

GUJARAT HARYANA HIMACHAL PRADESH JHARKHAND KARNATAKA KERALA MADHYA PRADESH MEGHALAYA ODISHA RAJASTHAN TRIPURA WEST BENGAL NCT OF DELHI are predicted for likely occurrence of Foot and mouth disease in March-2020

ASSAM HARYANA JHARKHAND MADHYA PRADESH MAHARASHTRA MANIPUR ODISHA RAJASTHAN TRIPURA ANDAMAN & NICOBAR ISLANDS are predicted for likely occurrence of Haemorrhagic septicaemia in March-2020

ASSAM GUJARAT HARYANA JHARKHAND KARNATAKA KERALA MADHYA PRADESH MAHARASHTRA ODISHA RAJASTHAN WEST BENGAL are predicted for likely occurrence of PPR in March-2020

JAMMU & KASHMIR JHARKHAND KARNATAKA MANIPUR TAMIL NADU TRIPURA WEST BENGAL ANDAMAN & NICOBAR ISLANDS PUDUCHERRY are predicted for likely occurrence of S & G Pox in March-2020

ASSAM JHARKHAND KERALA MANIPUR MEGHALAYA MIZORAM PUNJAB TRIPURA are predicted for likely occurrence of Swine fever in March-2020

JHARKHAND WEST BENGAL are predicted for likely occurrence of Theileriosis in March-2020

BIHAR JHARKHAND UTTAR PRADESH WEST BENGAL are predicted for likely occurrence of Trypanosomiasis in March-2020

OB Prediction JANUARY-2020

Anthrax -20, with Accuracy of 99.84%

Babesiosis - 39, with Accuracy of 99.84%

Black quarter - 43, with Accuracy of 95.83%

Enterotoxaemia- 17, with Accuracy of 100%

Fasciolosis -58, with Accuracy of 99.22%

FMD - 71, with Accuracy of 93.67%

HS - 47, with Accuracy of 98.45%

PPR - 58, with Accuracy of 96.45%

S&G Pox - 44, with Accuracy of 99.69%

Swine Fever - 40, with Accuracy of 98.14%

Theileriosis - 29, with Accuracy of 99.69%

Trypanosomiasis - 33, with Accuracy of 98.14%

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Anthrax

Etiological Agent
Anthrax is a bacterial disease caused by spore forming gram-positive bacterium, Bacillus anthracis.

Species Affected
Most of the mammals and ruminants are highly susceptible. Pigs and Horses are moderately susceptible. Carnivores are relatively resistant.

Clinical Signs
Sudden death may be observed in cattle and sheep. Just prior to death, animals may show signs of high fever. Blood may be present around the nose, mouth and anus. Occasionally oedema develops in the throat and shoulder over a period of one week before death.

Preventive Measures
Sudden death of cattle and sheep without any other obvious signs may be suspected for anthrax and such carcasses may be tested for anthrax before they are moved. This will help to reduce the risk of contamination if anthrax is confirmed. The carcasses may not be opened and may be disposed of by deep burying covered with lime powder. The contaminated area may be disinfected with 4% formalin or 10% caustic soda and the grazing area may be restricted. Ring vaccination and disease reporting are advised. Vaccination to be done in consultation with the veterinarians and as decided by state animal husbandry authorities. Strict bio-security measures may be followed.

Source: AICRP Bangalore