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Forewarning of Livestock Diseases June-2022

AAnthrax" "BIHAR,GUJARAT,JHARKHAND,KARNATAKA AND TAMIL NADU are predicted for likely occurrence of Anthrax in August-2022

ASSAM,JHARKHAND,KERALA,MEGHALAYA,SIKKIM,TRIPURA,UTTAR PRADESH AND WEST BENGAL are predicted for likely occurrence of Babesiosis in August-2022

ASSAM,GUJARAT,JHARKHAND,KARNATAKA,MADHYA PRADESH,MANIPUR,MEGHALAYA,ODISHA AND WEST BENGAL are predicted for likely occurrence of Black quarter in August-2022


ANDHRA PRADESH,ASSAM,JHARKHAND,KARNATAKA,KERALA,MADHYA PRADESH AND RAJASTHAN are predicted for likely occurrence of Enterotoxaemia in August-2022

ARUNACHAL PRADESH,ASSAM,JHARKHAND,MANIPUR,UTTAR PRADESH,ANDAMAN & NICOBAR ISLANDS AND PUDUCHERRY are predicted for likely occurrence of Fascioliasis in August-2022

BIHAR,GUJARAT,HIMACHAL PRADESH,JAMMU & KASHMIR,JHARKHAND,KARNATAKA,KERALA,MAHARASHTRA,MANIPUR,MEGHALAYA,NAGALAND,ODISHA,RAJASTHAN,SIKKIM,TAMIL NADU,WEST BENGAL AND CHANDIGARH are predicted for likely occurrence of Foot and mouth disease in August-2022

ANDHRA PRADESH,ASSAM,BIHAR,CHATTISGARH,GUJARAT,JHARKHAND,KARNATAKA,KERALA,MADHYA PRADESH,MANIPUR,ODISHA,PUNJAB,RAJASTHAN,TRIPURA,WEST BENGAL AND CHANDIGARH are predicted for likely occurrence of Haemorrhagic septicaemia in August-2022

ANDHRA PRADESH,ASSAM,HARYANA,HIMACHAL PRADESH,JHARKHAND,KARNATAKA,KERALA,MAHARASHTRA,ODISHA,RAJASTHAN,UTTAR PRADESH AND WEST BENGAL are predicted for likely occurrence of PPR in August-2022

ANDHRA PRADESH,ASSAM,JAMMU & KASHMIR,KARNATAKA AND TAMIL NADU are predicted for likely occurrence of S & G Pox in August-2022

ASSAM,HARYANA,JHARKHAND,KERALA,MANIPUR,MEGHALAYA,MIZORAM,NAGALAND AND SIKKIM for likely occurrence of Swine fever in August-2022

JHARKHAND,KERALA,PUNJAB,UTTAR PRADESH AND WEST BENGAL for likely occurrence of Theileriosis in August-2022

JHARKHAND AND UTTAR PRADESH are predicted for likely occurrence of Trypanosomiasis in August-2022

OB Prediction August-2022

Anthrax - 41, with Accuracy of 98.61%

Babesiosis - 70, with Accuracy of 96.45%

Black quarter - 64, with Accuracy of 96.69%

Enterotoxaemia- 23, with Accuracy of 97.22

Fasciolosis - 47, with Accuracy of 96.69%

FMD - 92, with Accuracy of 96.45%

HS - 76, with Accuracy of 96.60%

PPR - 54, with Accuracy of 95.21%

S&G Pox - 28, with Accuracy of 99.53%

Swine Fever - 53, with Accuracy of 99.53%

Theileriosis - 46, with Accuracy of 99.53%

Trypanosomiasis - 59, with Accuracy of 95.98%

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Anthrax

Etiological Agent
Anthrax is a bacterial disease caused by spore forming gram-positive bacterium, Bacillus anthracis.

Species Affected
Most of the mammals and ruminants are highly susceptible. Pigs and Horses are moderately susceptible. Carnivores are relatively resistant.

Clinical Signs
Sudden death may be observed in cattle and sheep. Just prior to death, animals may show signs of high fever. Blood may be present around the nose, mouth and anus. Occasionally oedema develops in the throat and shoulder over a period of one week before death.

Preventive Measures
Sudden death of cattle and sheep without any other obvious signs may be suspected for anthrax and such carcasses may be tested for anthrax before they are moved. This will help to reduce the risk of contamination if anthrax is confirmed. The carcasses may not be opened and may be disposed of by deep burying covered with lime powder. The contaminated area may be disinfected with 4% formalin or 10% caustic soda and the grazing area may be restricted. Ring vaccination and disease reporting are advised. Vaccination to be done in consultation with the veterinarians and as decided by state animal husbandry authorities. Strict bio-security measures may be followed.

Source: AICRP Bangalore