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Forewarning of Livestock Diseases May-2020

ANDHRA PRADESH,KARNATAKA,MAHARASHTRA,MEGHALAYA,ODISHA,PUNJAB,TAMIL NADU,WEST BENGAL for likely occurrence of Anthrax in May-2020

BIHAR,JHARKHAND,KERALA,PUNJAB,TRIPURA,UTTAR PRADESH,WEST BENGAL,ANDAMAN & NICOBAR ISLANDS,PUDUCHERRY are predicted for likely occurrence of Babesiosis in May-2020

ASSAM,JAMMU & KASHMIR,JHARKHAND,KARNATAKA,MADHYA PRADESH,MAHARASHTRA,MANIPUR,MEGHALAYA,ODISHA,PUNJAB,RAJASTHAN,TRIPURA,WEST BENGAL,ANDAMAN & NICOBAR ISLANDS are predicted for likely occurrence of Black quarter in May-2020

HIMACHAL PRADESH,PUNJAB are predicted for likely occurrence of Bluetongue in May-2020
ASSAM,KARNATAKA,MAHARASHTRA,PUNJAB,RAJASTHAN are predicted for likely occurrence of Enterotoxaemia in May-2020

ARUNACHAL PRADESH,ASSAM,JHARKHAND,MANIPUR,PUNJAB,TRIPURA,UTTAR PRADESH,ANDAMAN & NICOBAR ISLANDS,PUDUCHERRY are predicted for likely occurrence of Fascioliasis in May-2020

HIMACHAL PRADESH,JHARKHAND,KARNATAKA,KERALA,MADHYA PRADESH,MANIPUR,MEGHALAYA,NAGALAND,PUNJAB,RAJASTHAN,TRIPURA,WEST BENGAL are predicted for likely occurrence of Foot and mouth disease in May-2020

ASSAM,JHARKHAND,KARNATAKA,MAHARASHTRA,MANIPUR,MIZORAM,ODISHA,PUNJAB,RAJASTHAN,TRIPURA,UTTAR PRADESH,WEST BENGAL are predicted for likely occurrence of Haemorrhagic septicaemia in May-2020

ASSAM,BIHAR,HARYANA,HIMACHAL PRADESH,JHARKHAND,KARNATAKA,KERALA,MAHARASHTRA,ODISHA,PUNJAB,TAMIL NADU,UTTAR PRADESH,WEST BENGAL are predicted for likely occurrence of PPR in May-2020

ASSAM,HARYANA,JAMMU & KASHMIR,KARNATAKA,MAHARASHTRA,PUNJAB,TRIPURA,WEST BENGAL,ANDAMAN & NICOBAR ISLANDS,PUDUCHERRY are predicted for likely occurrence of S & G Pox in May-2020

ASSAM,BIHAR,HARYANA,JHARKHAND,MANIPUR,MEGHALAYA,NAGALAND,PUNJAB,RAJASTHAN,UTTARAKHAND are predicted for likely occurrence of Swine fever in May-2020

BIHAR,JHARKHAND,KERALA,PUNJAB,UTTAR PRADESH,WEST BENGAL are predicted for likely occurrence of Theileriosis in May-2020

BIHAR,HARYANA,JHARKHAND,ODISHA,PUNJAB,RAJASTHAN,UTTAR PRADESH,WEST BENGAL are predicted for likely occurrence of Trypanosomiasis in May-2020

OB Prediction MARCH-2020

Anthrax - 18, with Accuracy of 99.53%

Babesiosis - 57, with Accuracy of 99.22%

Black quarter - 77, with Accuracy of 96.91%

Enterotoxaemia- 24, with Accuracy of 97.06%

Bluetoungue- 3, with Accuracy of 98.91%

Fasciolosis -49, with Accuracy of 99.22%

FMD - 64, with Accuracy of 96.75%

HS - 75, with Accuracy of 94.59%

PPR - 67, with Accuracy of 96.75%

S&G Pox - 39, with Accuracy of 99.07%

Swine Fever - 38, with Accuracy of 97.68%

Theileriosis - 67, with Accuracy of 97.22%

Trypanosomiasis - 70, with Accuracy of 97.22%

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Anthrax

Etiological Agent
Anthrax is a bacterial disease caused by spore forming gram-positive bacterium, Bacillus anthracis.

Species Affected
Most of the mammals and ruminants are highly susceptible. Pigs and Horses are moderately susceptible. Carnivores are relatively resistant.

Clinical Signs
Sudden death may be observed in cattle and sheep. Just prior to death, animals may show signs of high fever. Blood may be present around the nose, mouth and anus. Occasionally oedema develops in the throat and shoulder over a period of one week before death.

Preventive Measures
Sudden death of cattle and sheep without any other obvious signs may be suspected for anthrax and such carcasses may be tested for anthrax before they are moved. This will help to reduce the risk of contamination if anthrax is confirmed. The carcasses may not be opened and may be disposed of by deep burying covered with lime powder. The contaminated area may be disinfected with 4% formalin or 10% caustic soda and the grazing area may be restricted. Ring vaccination and disease reporting are advised. Vaccination to be done in consultation with the veterinarians and as decided by state animal husbandry authorities. Strict bio-security measures may be followed.

Source: AICRP Bangalore